Fire is one of the biggest hazards that people may encounter, having the ability to raze properties and cause hundreds of deaths within a short span of time. In order to minimize the risk of fires and to educate people on what to do in case fires actually break out, people will need to go through fire safety training.
Is there a need for fire safety training?
Yes, fire safety training is important, not only because it is mandated by governments for schools and offices, but also because the training will make them better prepared in case the worst happens. Fires are unpredictable at best, with over 60% being caused by accidents. No matter how good a person’s instincts are, it can only do so much, and the knowledge that individuals can pick up from fire safety training can literally save their lives.
Who should be given fire safety training?
Everyone should go through fire safety training, regardless of age or gender. Fire does not discriminate, which is why all people, from children to the elderly, will need to be trained at least with the basic information about fire safety training in order to help prevent any fires from occurring, or, in worst-case scenarios, increase their chances of survival should they find themselves in an inferno. As a lot of people say, knowledge is the best weapon you can have in any circumstance, which is why fire safety training is important.
Those that are part of organizations or institutions such as schools and companies should also be given fire safety training. Fires can cause chaos, and the reason why there are so many injuries and fatalities that occur during fires is because people are overcome by panic, which leads to mayhem. This can be very deadly, particularly since there are a lot of them, with each of these individuals desperate to get out of the place. Fire safety training can instruct them on what protocol to follow in order to prevent the worst from happening. It can teach them to contain the fire or, failing that, help them get out safely. All of the people on board, regardless of their position in the organization, will need to know and understand what their responsibilities are should fires break out, because the identification of these roles will help minimize the confusion, allowing them to make important decisions instead of running around in circles due to panic. Even children in schools can be given fire safety training to prepare them should any accidents occur so that their teachers and the other staff members will be able to help them get to safety.
Landlords can also benefit from fire safety training, both for themselves and their tenants. Not only will the program help instruct them to get to safety, it can also give them knowledge in how to look out after each other, like residents who are senior citizens and are incapable of getting to safety themselves, or families that have a lot of children that may be difficult to manage, particularly during an emergency.
Even families can benefit from fire safety training. Parents can instruct their kids on what to do in case of fires. That way, their loved ones and their properties will have greater chances of overcoming any problems that may occur.
What should be included in fire safety training?
An effective fire safety training program should cover all the bases, from giving tips in how to prevent fires to what actions you will need to do should fires occur. Fire safety training is usually made of different modules that cover different aspects of the matter. Some of the topics are as follows:
- Fire safety training should have a discussion about the seriousness of fires and what can occur should these break out
- Fire safety training should also help people in the identification of potential fire hazards in the grounds (whether you’re at work, school, or home)
- Fire safety training should give instructions and precautions on what to do to prevent fires
- Fire safety training should also cover what to do upon discovery of a fire
- Fire safety training should also include the tasks and responsibilities of each person should fires break out
- Fire safety training must provide instructions on the use of fire extinguishers and other firefighting equipment
- Planned fire drills with the instructions given to all of the people so they will know what to do and what route to take in case of fires should also be part of fire safety training
- First aid techniques in case of injuries, either directly or indirectly due to fires in fire safety training
Using fire extinguishers
The use of fire extinguishers is a crucial point in terms of fire safety training. Merely possessing a fire extinguisher isn’t enough; in order to be able to use the device effectively, you will need to know what the different types of fires and extinguishers are.
As you will learn in fire safety training, not all fire extinguishers are created the same. There are actually three kinds of fire extinguishers that are commonly used by people: water, carbon dioxide, and dry chemical. Water fire extinguishers are filled with ordinary water, and can be used against flames on wood, cloth, and paper, but should not be used to put out electric fires, flammable gases and chemicals. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are pressurized, non-flammable gas, that cool gases staving off fires. Dry chemical fire extinguishers, also known as ABC fire extinguishers, are a mix of pressurized nitrogen and a powder composite of monoammonium phosphate. These are the most functional kinds of fire extinguishers and can be used to put out any kind of fire.
Fire safety training is only the beginning. In order to protect yourself and the people around you in case of fires, you will need to go beyond what is given in fire safety training. For example, offices, schools, and homes will need to have a list of emergency numbers (including the contact information of the fire department, the police, and the local hospitals) so that they will be able to contact these authorities in case of fires. Fire extinguishers should be on the property. Fire drills will need to be regularly conducted to help ingrain the instructions in the minds of the people. People should also be instructed about the proper care and maintenance of the tools and equipment on the grounds, particularly the individuals who are constantly using these. Lastly, regular fire safety training programs can be held, or at least the instructions given, so that everyone can be aware of what they will need to do.